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Excellent Fotos! South West Washington 06-15-08 - Pashnit Motorcycle Forum


Willapa Bay
(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
Willapa Bay is a bay located on the southwest Pacific coast of Washington state in the United States. Like the usual bay, Willapa Bay is a large inlet of salt water otherwise similar to freshwater lakes in shape and size.
The Long Beach Peninsula separates Willapa Bay from the greater expanse of the Pacific Ocean.
Willapa Bay is fairly shallow: more than half of its surface area lies in the intertidal zone, and in fact half of the volume of water inside it enters and leaves with every tide.
The bay is an estuary formed when the Long Beach Peninsula, a long sand spit from the Columbia River to the south, partially enclosed the estuaries of several smaller rivers.
The North River, Willapa River, and Naselle River provide most of the freshwater input into the bay, which is bordered only by several smaller towns and unincorporated communities such as Raymond, South Bend, and Tokeland.
The bay is entirely located within Pacific County, Washington and is home to a local oyster and seafood processing industry.
Willapa Bay is known for its amazing biodiversity and much of it has been set aside as part of the Willapa National Wildlife Refuge.
Boardwalk photo above shows a lively 'bay' community. Before the county roads and state highways, the communities on Willap Bay used boats more often than vehicles. As a bay community, people would boat over to other communities to do visiting, shopping, and for get-togethers.
The communities on Willapa Bay included Long Beach, Tokeland, Shoalwater, Bruceport, and where Willapa Bay becomes Willapa River, communities of South Bend and Raymond.
In this photo, the dock has freshly been built, and does not yet have railings, and shows the use of boats by the locals in their everyday endeavors. The dock is no longer there, and with roads and highways now, people drive more than boat in going about daily business.

Inconvenient Truths, Washington State and Willapa Bay

Arthur Ruger, February 2007


The Tide is Out - Photo from Wa Dept of Ecology

 

Willapa Bay is not a Grand Canyon-type visual but the view is very much our typical Pacific Northwest coast.

A week ago we watched our newest Netflix DVD,  Al Gore's Inconvenient Truth. I can see why it got an Academy Award Nomination

I decided to ask Google some "Inconvenient-Truth"-related questions specifically about Willapa Bay - a sweet body of water that surrounds my house on three sides.

Some describe Willapa Bay and like locations as "estuarian," where landlubbing freshwater blends into seagoing salt water.

Esturian locations are most frequently habitated by small cities and towns, dairies, and farmlands that are all visible on the landward side of Highway 101 to anyone driving up and down the Washington and Oregon Coasts.

Oh, and we've got lots of elk herds too.

Photo is mine
Then there are those mudflats with their promise of shellfish riches hidden in shallow waters.

Add to that the lusting passion of  property exploiters anxious to turn a dime with venture capital.

A member of the Raymond city council recently told us that the council met a developer who expressed that he is willing to spend whatever it takes to gain title to waterfront properties that - according to him - constitute the last available waterfront development properties on the entire western coastline of the United States.

We know our coastline as a repeated blending of bluffs, headlands, beaches, sand spits and dunes where lots of flora, fauna as well as water and land creatures have dwelt for thousands of years.

Except for the more popular small but expensive stretches of commercial holiday and vacation beaches, our coastline is not even moderately developed. There are lots of parks and acreage owned by Native American reservations - with or without trademark casinos.

Goose Point oyster beds - Photo Wa Dept of Ecology

The actual village of Bay Center is separated from the rest of the peninsula by a small bridge visible in the first picture above.

Global Warming will bring the sea level above that narrow channel and dunes over which the bridge spans. My home town will ultimately and literally be an island.

Low coastlines near major river-mouths are vulnerable to heavy weather damage, particularly flooding, mud slides and cave ins consequential to powerful rain and winds.If global warning stirs up hotter and meaner hurricanes and typhoons elsewhere, we are seeing meaner winds, heavier rains, greater floodings coupled with more and  more disappearing coastlines.

Click on Google "Light House Digest, Willapa Station" and you'll see a series of pictures of an entire lighthouse that at one time stood at the center of a hill overlooking the ocean and the bay at Tokeland.

Tokeland as the seagull flies is less than 5 miles from Goose Point/Bay Center but almost 40 to get there by automobile.

The light station progressively moved further and further toward the water at the edge of the hill as corrosion depleted the soil. Eventually the station was hanging over the edge so precariously that engineers had to destroy it with explosive charges for safety reasons.

That was more than 65 years ago - before we knew what we were doing by spewing crap into the atmosphere.


So what does Al Gore's message mean to Bay Center coastal creatures like me?

Well, it means immediate and more frequent storms bringing bigger waves, greater road damage from blown-down trees and more soft spot collapses on the roads, bluffs and coastlines.

Photo is mine
Science types used to talk about El Nino raising the sea level for months at a time
as well as temporarily altering wind and wave directions - all just periodic events that would eventually revert.

Now, perhaps with or without any solitary influence of El Nino, it looks like we might be in for higher sea levels coupled with weather fluctuations that prompt permanent changes in weather, topography and human thinking.

Now we move from somewhat domestic trivial concerns about not installing fragile decorative landscaping to the idea perhaps of elevating existing homes onto stilts, reworking roofs, knocking down old dying houses and replacing them perhaps with brick and concrete.Our shallow water seafood farmers may find themselves engaged permanently in a need to manage a probable cyclical expansion of Spartina as well as the increasingly frequent episodes of pollution's impact on coastal ecology and economy.


Typical S. alterniflora mats at Willapa Bay in Washington. Photo Oregon ODA

 

Regional differences in ocean circulation and heat content may result in a larger sea-level rise on the Pacific than the Atlantic coast of North America.

Then there is the idea that although we can't feel it, the earth moves under our feet. It's called uplift or subsidence (sinking) of the land surface itself. The major uplifting terrains in the Northwest are at the mouth of the Strait of Juan de Fuca which rises one tenth of an inch per year.

The other is some 40 miles south of Bay Center at the mouth of the Columbia River. The earth rises there only slightly more than half an inch yearly.

That means that low-lying settlements and harbors will be at an ever-increasing risks, especially as risk is exacerbated by increasingly larger storms.

That of course means more and more loss of coastline to erosion and directional changes of sediment flows that restructure the shape of the coast line. Similar problems are consequences impacted by fluctuation in ocean stream's directional flow.

When meaner winter storms and heavier rains soak into the soil we'll suffer more and more land and mud slides and flooding with resulting troubles on bluffs, beach fronts as well as farms and homes along rivers.

Oh, and temperature and other changes also mean that other growing things not normally found this far north on the Pacific Coast could drift this way, stake out a claim on life and begin homesteading where they ain't wanted; crowding out what is wanted.

... Or worse, crowding out and contaminating our natural harvestable friends out here in our shallow waters.

Ever heard of the European Green Crab? Look it up.

European green crabs in their natural habitat are smaller than those in invaded habitat - Jeff Goddard
University of California, Santa Barbara DOI. USGS. Western Ecological Research Center.

Now it is true that warmer summers might mean longer tourist seasons. Hell, if the water warms

up enough we'll have a North Pacific Waikiki Beach, complete with big surf and big surfers, right?

Tourism might bloom, but for those heritage and culture-based dwellers who've been here for generations - who haven't necessarily been interested in tourist trapping - folks may have to start trapping them there tourists anyway just to survive.

Closer to reality, if it warms up enough, canneries might move on, leaving cannery-supported family incomes stranded.

Expensive homes drive up prices - great!

But expensive homes don't bring family shopping centers. No Target Stores or JC Penny - more like Lord and Taylor.

If the cannery job is lost, even if your house is paid for, who will pay those new higher property taxes?

So much for staying on the old homestead where families have laughed and wept for generations.

Google

Publisher's Blog: Tidelines

And Who Writes Here?

Arthur and Lietta Ruger
Bay Center, Wa



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Published by SwanDeer Productions
Arthur and Lietta Ruger, Bay Center, Willapa Bay in Pacific County Washington

 

Willapa Magazine 2007 is an internet journal based in Bay Center, Washington. The opinions expressed by Arthur or Lietta Ruger are the writers' own. Willapa Magazine recognizes Fair Use law and publishes original writings in their entirety based on 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. Willapa Magazine Permission of author(s) ia required for reprinting original Willapa Magazine writings and the original author(s) for material posted under fair use law.